These war paintings by José Clemente Orozco were among his last works, as the artist died in 1949. Strong and iconic, these works put an end to the fruitful creative career of the artist.
Some words about the artist. José Clemente Orozco was a Mexican painter, and one of the most well-known adherents of the Mexican Mural Renaissance. The painter’s skeptical attitude, as well as his interest in pre-Columbian art, played an important role in both his palette and subject matter.
José Orozco first became interested in art in 1890, when his family moved to Mexico City. He started to study painting attending José Guadalupe Posada’s workshop, Mexico’s first great printmaker. Orozco began night classes in drawing at the Academy of San Carlos. At the end of the 1890s, he obeyed his father’s wishes and studied to become an agronomist, attending the School of Agriculture between 1897 and 1899. Later he continued his education as an architectural draftsman. However, at the age of 17, he lost his left hand in a laboratory accident. So he abandoned his architectural studies.
Orozco returned to the Academy of San Carlos in 1905 with an intention to become a competent painter. One of his teachers at the Academy was Gerardo Murillo, a radical artist. He convinced painters to resist the cultural domination of Europe and to cultivate Mexican traits in their work. Influenced by Doctor Atl, Orozco began to explore Mexican themes and to draw more directly from scenes of daily life.
After completing his education, Orozco served as a caricaturist for an opposition newspaper, then a satiric artist, and also received numerous commissions, gaining international success. We invite you to prabook.com to read José Orozco’s full biography and check out his other artworks (you’ll like them!).