Today we want to share these stunning sculptures created by one of the greatest masters of the 20th century—Jalal Garyaghdi. Throughout his artistic career, the sculptor produced plenty of clever pieces of work. Known as one of the first representatives of monumentalism in Azerbaijan, he created large-scale sculptures and bas-reliefs which reflect the historical past and cultural roots of the country.
Jalal Garyaghdi was raised in the atmosphere of art and creativity. The interest and abilities for art that the boy demonstrated in his early years were noticed and supported by his school teachers.
Garyaghdi was a permanent participant of various art competitions and exhibitions which provided him with many awards and distinctions. In 1928, with support of the local Komsomol organization, he was sent to the Azerbaijan State College of Arts becoming the student of the painting department. However, the young artist was more interested in sculpture and spent a lot of time in the sculpture studio exploring the techniques of reflecting human figure and its anatomy. He graduated in 1932.
Jalal Garyaghdi started his career as a teacher of painting at his alma mater, Azerbaijan State College of Arts. During several years of teaching, he also produced the paintings which reflected the international social-political situation and contributed them to a number of periodicals.
At the beginning of the creative pursuit, Jalal Garyaghdi was interested in bas-reliefs and indoor sculpture. Later, Garyaghdi abandoned the bas-reliefs and turned to the genre of monumental sculpture.
During the Second World War, the sculptor’s oeuvre reflected the heroism of the people who struggled on the front and in the rear. Most of the compositions from the Hero series were made in the form of busts, like first Azerbaijani woman pilot Zuleikha Seidmammadova, stakhanovite Kaklik Shukur gizi, the hero of the Soviet Union, a military aviator Adil Rustamov, and a tank division General-major Hazi Aslanov among others. Similar compositions appeared after the victory as well. At the end of the 1940s, they were completed by the works focused on those who worked to restore the country after the conflict.